Autism spectrum disorder is a complicated medical disorder characterized by various behavioral, social, and developmental difficulties and interactions. Parents may become confused and bewildered when receiving a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. Then, they learn that there are different types of autism spectrum disorder. Understanding these various autism types and the treatments for the various types of autism spectrum disorders is an integral part of helping the child reach their best abilities and successful treatments.
EMIT Therapeutics helps children and families every day when they need information related to autism types, such as autistic disorder. To learn more about the treatment options available, contact EMIT Therapeutics today at 844.983.0240.
What Are the Types of Autism Spectrum Disorders?
There are several types of autism spectrum disorders. Some autism types were previously listed as individual disorders. Today, these are a group of conditions that are now all called autism spectrum disorder, or ASD.
One type of ASD is Asperger Syndrome, which people also refer to as Asperger’s Syndrome. Some other included disorders are autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDDNOS). Although these formerly individual syndromes and disorders were previously classified separately, they are now grouped together as ASD. However, there is nothing wrong with still calling them by their specific former terms to identify them. Some sources previously included Rett’s syndrome, which is not included today.
Each of these autism types deserves a more in-depth discussion.
Discussion on the Types of Autism Spectrum Disorder
It’s vital to understand the type of autism your child has. Doing so allows you to get the right treatment for their needs.
Asperger Syndrome dates back to the 1940s when a pediatrician noted behaviors similar to autism, such as limited social and communication skills difficulties in some boys. The boys typically exhibited average intelligence and language development. When experts diagnose a child with Asperger’s Syndrome, the child demonstrates average intelligence and language development.
Today, specialists typically agree that other features and facts related to Asperger syndrome include:
- Children are usually diagnosed at age five or later
- May have high intelligence
- Focuses on self and has difficulties seeing situations or events or actions from another person’s perspective
- Exhibits obsessive routines
- Inability to understand emotional issues and may demonstrate exaggerated emotional response
- Demonstrates extreme sensitivity to certain stimuli
Parents may notice that other signs and symptoms may manifest in a person with Asperger syndrome.
Autistic disorder is the older term that experts use for the neurodevelopmental disorders that make up autism spectrum disorder. It includes symptoms similar to Asperger Syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDDNOS), but at a greater intensity.
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) is often considered the rarest and the most severe part of the autism spectrum disorders. It is complex and includes a variety of different aspects of a child’s development. Researchers know that the neurobiology of the brain plays a significant factor in CDD. Children may appear to start developing normally and then lose their social, language, and mental skills.
Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified
Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDDNOS) is a group of conditions that are characterized by delays in childhood development, including social development, delays in communication, and delays in the ability to use their imagination.
Rhett Syndrome is a condition in which children exhibit some symptoms similar to the symptoms of autism. It used to be included in the group of autism spectrum disorders but is not included today. The reason is that researchers now know that a genetic mutation causes it.
Learn More About the Types of Autism Spectrum Disorder At EMIT Therapeutics
Autism spectrum disorder requires an individualized treatment plan, such as the ones we provide at EMIT Therapeutics. Our team will evaluate your child’s needs and provide treatment in the comfort of your home or using telehealth programs. Contact us at 844.983.0240 to learn more about the different types of ASD and the treatment types available. Parents can also complete our online contact form.